Vaccination, A Victorian Victory and Vice: The Visual Chasm of Perspectives on Disease Prevention in Nineteenth to Twentieth Century Europe

Written by Elena Lin, Edited by Lily-Cannelle Mathieu
From wars to colonialism to the development of social infrastructure, infectious diseases have inevitably shaped history and our modern way of life. The advent of inoculation and vaccination as prophylaxes against contagion significantly improved the health of nations.

A Visual Language of Eroticism: Violence and Sexuality in Cézanne’s Male Bathers

Written by Thomas MacDonald, edited by Miray Eroglu
The paintings in Cézanne’s Bathers series, completed between 1859 and his death in 1906, are considered seminal works of modern art. Yet scholarship has generally neglected and devalued the eroticism present in his Male Bathers, which he produced alongside the larger and much more discussed and celebrated Female Bathers.

“My Partner Wrote…With My Own Hand:” The Subversive Collaboration of Claude Cahun and Marcel Moore

Written by Brigitte Pawliw-Fry, edited by Aimée Tian
Claude Cahun and Marcel Moore first met as schoolgirls in Nantes, France, in what they described as “une rencontre foudroyante” (a lightning-strike connection),” thus beginning the artistic and romantic partnership that would span most of their lives. In Aveux non avenues, Cahun wrote of Moore: “My lover will no longer be the subject of my drama, [she] will be my collaborator.”

Take the Power Back: A Sound Study on Rage Against The Machine and Amplified Leftist Music

Written by Reggie Oey, edited by Ben Demers
On January 6th, 2000, the rap-metal band Rage Against The Machine (RATM) shot a live music video for their single, “Sleep Now in the Fire,” at the steps of Federal Hall and at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York City. Famous for their radical, leftist political views, RATM teamed up with activist filmmaker Michael Moore for the shoot, which was eventually cut short by city police due to noise violations.

A Gendered Exploration of Art, Trauma and Memory: Charlotte Salomon’s “Life or Theatre?”

Written by Nuala Murray, edited by Madeleine Cruickshank
In 1933, a momentous and ultimately catastrophic political shift occurred in Germany in which the promisingly liberal era of the Weimar Republic fell, leaving the nation in the hands of corrupt and monstrous dictator Adolf Hitler. During the Third Reich Jewish-German women, once advancing on Weimar’s progressive path towards both gender and racial liberation, were pushed backward and eventually fatally halted by the political, social and cultural tyranny inflicted on the nation by the Nazi Regime.

Harvesters and Humanists: A Case Study of Bruegel’s Neo-Sacred Image in the Post-Iconoclastic Age

Written by Anthony Portulese, edited by Miray Eroglu
Pieter Bruegel the Elder remains one of the most elusive artists of the sixteenth century, as a disconcerting shortage of biographical documentation has baffled scholars for decades. No record survives of his place or date of birth. Nothing is known of his formal education nor whether he received any training as a painter.

History and Social Consciousness in the Medium and Material of Kara Walker’s Silhouette Installations

Content note: descriptions of sexual violence, mention of oppressive language
Written by Sylvie Schwartz, edited by Muhan Zhang
Kara Walker was born in California and spent her childhood years there before moving to Georgia in the 1980’s. In the American south, Walker was rejected by the white children in her community because of the color of her skin and by the other African American children because her accent was too “white.”

A Woman’s Touch: The Dialogue between Female Sexuality and the Concept of Artist as Genius in Egon Schiele’s “Observed in a Dream” and “Preacher”

Written by Erika Kindsfather, edited by Gabby Marcuzzi Herie
Fin-de-siècle Vienna was the site of a thriving young philosophical and artistic milieu, yet the individuals contributing to these intellectual circles were predominantly male. With the exclusion of women from male-dominated intellectual circles, their schools of thought gave rise to misogynistic theories.